Since adding literature mandating sustainable fishing practices was added to the Alaskan Constitution in 1959, the state of Alaska has been a modern model of fisheries management. The field of fisheries management utilizes fisheries science in such a way as to allow for some exploitation of seafood species populations without completely extinguishing them from their natural habitats and ecosystems. Through monitoring, methods and methods of control, today fishery management is often undertaken by national and / or local governments, however, the concept of encouraging sustainability in fishing is one that humans have utilized for quite a long time.
While such concepts as sustainability and resource management may seem new and revolutionary to many, our ancestors knew a thing or two about managing fishing practices. For 200 years the North Norwegian fishery near the Lofoten Islands has adhered to a law stating that fishing activity must be controlled in order to prevent overharvesting. For some 700 years New Zealand natives the Maori people have incorporated strict fishing rules and traditions in order to preserve and protect native aquatic populations. Today, modern government based legislation follows some of the original techniques from the model of fisheries management developed over hundreds of years by our ancientors and that continues through their contemporaries such as setting quotations, disallowing or restricting certain harvesting techniques, and permitting fishing only during certain times of the year.
Part of the reason that over-fishing or exploitation of populations happens in the first place is that individuals, enterprises or even Governments are driven by the short term rewards overfishing a population can bring. Some such rewards include maximizing the harvest yield and therefore the profit, creating employment, and ensuring an affordable and abundant food supply. The problem, however, is that such short sighted goals do not take into consideration what will happen when the entire harvestable population drops to zero, which can easily happen within the span of a person's lifetime. Governments that enforce the Alaskan model of fisheries management today avoid such catastrophes which may have devastating consequences not only for world economies but ecosystems by enforcing strict management mechanisms like restrictions, taxation, entry control, quotas, and more.
Through wild success with its sustainability programs and quality of the products coming from wild Alaskan seafood fisheries, the state of Alaska has become not just a model of fisheries management but the standard for the fresh seafood industry. The overall…
Source by Allie Moxley